Seeding System Selection
Seeding is arguably the most important activity in grain production. There is no other operation that you as a farmer will have control over that has greater impact on crop yield and quality. By developing an environment for early and consistent seed germination and plant emergence, your crop is in the best position to adjust to the external factors and circumstances that can effect yield and quality.  You need the right seeding tool to do the best job in your particular conditions. Soil conditions, weather patterns, and seasonal changes vary greatly from region to region. What works well for a farmer in Peace River, Alberta won’t be the best choice for a producer in Onida, South Dakota. Bourgault Industries Ltd. has an extensive selection of seeding systems, each with their own unique characteristics and attributes, but all designed and built with the same commitment to ingenuity, durability, and simplicity. 

By carefully reviewing the characteristics of each seeding model and comparing them to your needs as a producer, you will find a Bourgault seeding system that will ensure the best results at  seeding time.
 
Adaptability (Range of Configurations)
Does your operation need a system that can be configured for many different operations? Or do you have a very specific goal you want to achieve with a dedicated seeding implement? The choice of seeding system will depend on the range of applications you are planning to conduct.
 
Contouring Characteristics
The topography of your land will dictate the degree of contouring your seeding system will require. If your land is very hilly, with runs and draws, you will need to consider a unit with good contouring capabilities.
Flat, even land with few hills or runs will not demand a high-contouring system.
 
Durability & Maintenance
All Bourgault seeding systems are designed to provide durability. It is also a fact that some systems become more complex in order to achieve specific goals in seeding. The greater number of moving parts and linkages will typically result in greater wear and maintenance.
 
Ease of Use
With added features and capabilities comes a greater degree of complexity. Systems that provide a wider degree of adjustment and control can also leave operators prone to a greater degree of seeding errors. When evaluating your choice of seeding system, also consider the degree of benefit your operation will experience with the added features, or if a more simple and fool-proof unit will fit the bill.
 
Efficiency (Speed/Width)
Farmers are continually trying to improve seeding efficiency in order to maximize the amount of work that needs to be done in the seeding window. Depending on manpower available, the size of your operation, and your typical number of days available for seeding will dictate not only the type of seeding system, but size and number of systems required.
 
Field Finish
The condition of the soil surface after the seeding operation must be considered for subsequent field operations and moisture retention. Systems that create a coarse field finish will leave more surface area exposed, making the soil more prone to evaporation. A coarse field finish also creates more stress on equipment for later field work such as spraying or harvesting.
 
Nutrient Placement
The placement of fertilizer and other products along with the seed is critical for optimizing your emergence. Your seeding system requirements are much different if you are seeding with multiple passes and applying nitrogen before seeding than if you are considering a one-pass operation. It is critical to consider the level of risk you are willing to take with your inputs at seeding time.
 
Packing
The packing style that your operation will require depends on your moisture conditions and soil types. A High Packing Force Approach is more effective in regions that experience less moisture or soils that will easily dry out. This approach will push the seed down into undisturbed soil. In regions that tend to have more moisture, a Moderate Packing Force Approach will firm the soil above the seed, but leave the seed at the bottom of the furrow trench.
 
Penetration
Is your land prone to drying out and becoming hard?
Do you find that at times you have to increase your seeding depth to reach soil moisture? Have you been restricted in your options due to poor penetration?
If these are issues in your seeding operation, you must ensure that your next system will provide adequate penetration in a wide range of conditions.

Residue Clearance
Residue management is a big factor in choosing the right seeding implement. Do you typically have a lot of straw to manage prior to seeding? What is your typical practice for residue control? Matching the seeding implement to your straw management practice will go a long way to ensuring seeding success.
  
Seeding Consistency
Consistency will hold different degrees of importance for the various crops, and the depth at which they are seeded. Some crops perform best when seeded at a consistent and shallow depth. Other crops can be seeded deeper, thus not as demanding when it comes to seeding consistency.
 
Seeding System Selection Chart
Bourgault has a wide range of seeding systems available to accommodate the conditions and objectives of each agricultural producer. Not one system is better than the other, but each model provides unique features and characteristics that are favorable for various land types, environments, and overall production goals. After determining the characteristics most important for you, refer to the chart below to determine which model will excel for your specific needs. The weighting provided for each of the characteristics are in relation to other Bourgault seeding systems, not with competitor’s seeding systems in the marketplace. This means that even if a system scores lower in a category, it does not mean that it will be a poor performer, but that another Bourgault system may provide on average better results.
Characteristic
8910 Cultivator
5810 Air Hoe Drill
3720 Independent Coulter Drill
3320 Paralink™ Hoe Drill
SE
QDA
XTC
Packing Force
Bronze
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Packing Range
Silver
Bronze / Gold*
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Field Finish (soil profile)
Silver
Silver
Gold
Bronze
Bronze
Bronze
Adaptability
Gold
Silver
Gold
Silver
Silver
Silver
Contouring
Gold
Bronze
Gold
Silver
Silver
Gold
Durability & Maintenance
Gold
Gold
Silver
Silver
Silver
Silver
Penetration
Silver
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Silver
Ease of Use
Gold
Gold
Bronze
Bronze
Gold
Silver
Residue Clearance
Bronze
Gold
Silver
Gold
Gold
Gold
Efficiency (Speed)
Bronze
Silver
Gold
Gold
Gold
Silver
Nutrient Placement (with MRBs®)
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Seeding Consistency
Bronze
Silver
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
* - higher rating when used with an additional set of packers
  • Gold - Optimum results in a wide operational range
  • Silver - Optimum results in a typical operational range
  • Bronze - Optimum results in a limited operational range
Of course, the easiest way to select seeding systems, is to contact the Bourgault Dealer nearest you.