Agronomy Articles
2016 Bourgault Agronomy Report
Fertilizer Placement Comparison (FPC) Trial - 2016

Phosphorus with Canola
The Bourgault Agronomy team conducted large scale fertility trails for a second consecutive year near St. Brieux Saskatchewan on canola. The goal of the trials is to identify ways to safely increase phosphorus fertilizer rates in a one pass system. This included strategies producers can implement with their current equipment as well as a triple shoot configuration. As like last year, plant access to phosphorus placed in the mid-row bander showed up as an increase in overall yield. There was also a yield response to high amounts of seed placed phosphorus.
 
Phosphorus with Canola Trial - 2015
Fertilizer Placement Comparison (FPC) Trial

Phosphorus with Canola
The purpose of testing Phosphorus (P) placements is to provide producers with a safe method to apply removal rates of P in a one-pass seeding operation.
The Agronomy team at Bourgault Industries wanted to explore different placement options in canola, including high rates seed placed and a split application where starter P is placed with the seed and the bulk of the P fertilizer is placed in the band with the rest of the fertilizer.
 
 
Improve Crop Maturity
Q: Will slow-release nitrogen products make side-band openers safe or increase seed-placed blend safety?
A: The short answer is yes to both products; however, understanding the chemistry of how the products work is critical to determining if these products will fit your cropping program.
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Making Higher Yields Happen
by Phil Needham, Needham Ag Technologies, LLC
The world population quietly clicked over the 7 billion mark earlier this year and if forecasts are accurate, it’s expected to increase to around 9 billion by 2050. Feeding and supporting an additional 2 billion people will be a huge undertaking, especially when the world's available farm land is decreasing as a result of expanding cities, roads, and infrastructure. Understanding the agronomy required to maximize yields is critical, not only to ensure profitability, but also to better feed our growing population.
Download the complete article in PDF format.
 
Bourgault Agronomy HandbookBourgault Agronomy Handbook
The purpose of the Bourgault Agronomy Handbook is to focus on the factors involved with the important task of placing the seed in the ground in such a way as to ensure the greatest chances of germination and emergence in the given conditions. It also discusses the importance of fertilizer placement to create the optimum environment for the plant by consistently and accurately placing the seed and each required nutrient in a location that promotes even germination, uniform stand and optimum yield potential.
Download a PDF version, or send in a request to have a copy mailed to you.
 
Preserving Stubble Effectively
Producers in dryer grain-growing regions have long known the benefits of preserving the previous season’s stubble. The preservation of the roots will help anchor the soil to serve as protection from erosion. The standing stubble itself will act as a snow trap, maximizing moisture retention for spring. The stubble will also form a shield from the drying winds and parching sun that robs the soil from existing moisture. The micro-climate which exists within the stubble nurtures the seedling in it’s earliest stages of growth.
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Mid Row Nitrogen Banding: Feeding Weeds or Seeds?
As farmers in the upper Great Plains of North America adopt one pass seeding  practices on their farms, placing the majority of the crop’s nitrogen requirements  between every second seed row is a methodology of direct seeding that is growing  in popularity. Recognized early as a low risk method of nitrogen fertilization for direct  seeding, and utilized on many acres since the early 90’s, we now have a large variety  and volume of experiences on how well this seeding practice works. At the same time, there is still much to be learned and understood regarding mid row nitrogen placement as well as other fertilizer nutrients. read more ...
Crop Stressors
Stress is like an iceberg. We can see one-eighth of it above, but what about what’s below? Although small grains are adapted to a wide range of climates and soils, they are sensitive to various agronomic and environmental conditions, including temperature, rainfall, humidity, sunlight, fertility, herbicide carryover, insects, and diseases.
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The Benefits of Bourgault Mid Row Banders®
Learn why Mid Row Banders® provides the optimal nitrogen location in a one-pass operation.
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Mid Row Development Promotes Root Development
Research has shown that nitrate will reach the seed row from the mid row band in as little as 2 days.
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Nitrogen Access in One-Pass Seeding
Mid row banding provides the optimum location for plants to access the beneficial nitrate form of nitrogen.
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Ideal Fertilizer Location
The Bourgault Seeding System with Mid Row Banders® is superior to other one-pass seeding systems in how it positions the nitrogen fertilizer to the seed.
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Fertilizer Toxicity
Producers must gain a good understanding of the benefits and dangers of seed & fertilizer placement to avoid an environment that is toxic to the crop.
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Evaluating Wide Row Seeding
One of today’s topics found in many agricultural publications is the promotion of wider row spacings for direct seeding systems. It is important when weighing the option of investing in a wider row spacing system to weigh the benefits against the risks in the wide range of seeding environments you may experience over the years.
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Seedbed Integrity & Emergence
The benefits to the bottom line justify the need to strive for even emergence. The Bourgault Seeding System provides more precise seed placement with narrow profile knives in the seed row and MRBs for fertilizer.
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Is Published Centre-to-Centre Distance True Separation?
When researching one-pass seeding systems, is the advertised seed-to-fertilizer separation the actual separation achieved?
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Seedbed Integrity & Standing Stubble
Bourgault seeding system places seed and fertilizer without disrupting the seedbed or uprooting last season's stubble. Standing stubble protects seedlings during initial emergence, and helps bind the soil to prevent erosion.
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Paradigm Shift
When side-banding was first introduced, nitrogen placed one inch below and to the side of the seed was accepted as the ideal location for adequate fertilizer separation from the seed. Issues including inadequate field finish, seed - fertilizer mix, inconsistent seed depths, caused producers to question the validity of this practice.
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Salt Effect
Salt Effect occurs when the concentrated fertilizer is located too close to the seed or seedling, causing desiccation. Placing the nitrogen fertilizer at a safe distance from the seed row will protect the seed from the desiccation effect.
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Bourgault's First Attempts at One-Pass Seeding
In the early 90's, Bourgault like most other agricultural equipment manufacturers experimented with side-banding openers. It was at this time Bourgault designers realized that this seeding practice put farmers in jeopardy.
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Seedbed Integrity - The Golden Rule
Golden Rule of One-Pass Seeding : Never compromise seedbed quality in the pursuit of one-pass seeding.
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Seedbed Integrity & Field Finish
The field finish of various side-bander seeding systems is compared to the Bourgault Seeding System for furrow depth, as well as overall field residue management.
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Multi-Year/Multi-Location Study
This year will be the third of Bourgault’s multi-year/multi-location study aimed to confirm existing studies and to improve our knowledge of fertilizer placement relative to the seed in a one-pass seeding environment.
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Recommended Maximum Fertilizer Rates
Bourgault provides a guideline for maximum rates and best positioning of various fertilizers in a one-pass seeding operation.
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